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400                                            PABGAHA

sons, who founded the four villages to the north-west, Manina Bain, Bhaukar-
par, Lalpars and Sampat Jogi The Bazar is considered the joint property of
Biipa's descendants,, and their permission is necessary before any new shop can
be built in it. The market, which is held on a spot close to the bazar, twice a
week, Wednesday and Saturday, is the property of the zamindars of the four
Tillages fonnded by Sikhan's sons3 who give It out on contract for about Rs. 50
a year to four baniyas, who take a weighing fee from every purchaser, six
chJwUuik* in each rupee's worth of grain. The land is occupied almost exclu-
sively by the Jit community, with the exception of Lilpur7 which is held by
Brahmans5 the descendants of the founder's puroMt, who belong to the Sanndh
clan. Adjoining the vilkga there is a small piece of woodland, 20 bighas 4
biswas in extent, held rent-free by some bairagis, which is called Niwari, L$.
Eimwari It makes a convenient place to camp in, being enclosed in a belt of
fine old nim and pdpri trees, with a solitary imli and a number of pasendu and
jfeartf bushes in the centre. This is accounted part of Lalpur. The school has
an attendance of about 60 boys. The older occupants of the place, -whom Nain
Sen dispossessedj are said to have been Kalars? whatever may be the tribe
intended by that ambiguous term. His brethren, whom he left behind at
Dsfchama, all became Muhammadans, and it may be presumed that it was his
obstinate adherence to the faith of his fathers, which made it necessary for him
to emigrate. The event therefore cannot be referred to any very early period.
Stoagh himself a Thakizr, it is curious to observe that his descendants for very
many generations past have been reckoned as J&ts of the Godha sab-division.
This they explain by saying that the new settlers, being unable to secure any
better alliances, intermarried with Jai women from Karil in the Aligarh dis-
trict, and the children followed the caste of their mothers. There is a general
meeting for all the members of the clan at the festival of the Phul Do!3 which
is held Chait badi 5.

At Bbara, ^hich is one of the 18 villages, is an old brick-strewn
to the Kalars. Wells have b^en sunk all over it for the -
pose of irrigating the adjoining fields, but, so far as can be ascertained, no
antiquities have ever turned up. On the top is a cairn, marking the grave of
seme Saiyid, name unknown. The soil is so sandy that a well anywhere except;
on the khera falls in as soon as dug, mless protected by a masonry cylinder.
Foriiie convenience of revenue officials the whole of the Aym-khera circle has
been dhridod into 18 groups, and each group is entered in the records nnder
fee m$m of same one of ife constituent homesteads, wMch is accounted the
and ftfe attefs ite kmbfa. But, on the spot, each bears its own name,